Dominican Vudu, Dissolving into Las 21 Divisiones

Dominican Vudu through having similarities with Haiti Vodou, should note mistaken as same. Dominican Vudu has its own sets of beliefs and practices.


Dominican Vudu began in the Caribbean with origins from African slaves and was developed in Hispaniola. Like most Afro-American religions, religion originated with the increase and migration of black slaves to Hispaniola. The religion is a product of syncretism among the religions and the Roman Catholic faith as a guide to continue practicing their religion despite persecution.

Las 21 Divisiones:

Roman Catholicism is the major religion in the Dominican Republic and still holds a lot of influence on the people. However, Vudu is an established religion in the Dominican Republic. It is considered a very powerful religion by the people. Vudu is also considered suspicious by the people and regarded as a practice carried out by the African and Haitian descendants.

Hence the dissolving of Dominican Vudu in Las 21 Divisiones, to make it more acceptable and easily absorbed by the people.


Vudu practitioners believe in the use of music during their rituals and ceremonies. This music is created by using percussion drums and other sacred instruments.

Vudu practitioners also believe in the spirits/ deities called Loss but unlike the belief system in Louisiana Voodoo or Haitian Vodou, Loas are separated into 21 divisions.

These 21 divisions are further grouped into 3 major divisions and an additional one: Black, Fire, White, and Water divisions.

The Black divisions are the spirits related to death and the ancestors. It is also called Gede Division.

The White Division are spirits from African origin and it is also known as the Rada Division.

The Fire Division is the spirits from Bantu origin also called the Petro Division.

The Water Division whose spirits are from the Pre Columbian region.

Another difference between Vudu and Vodou is that the practice of Vudu is less strict than Vodou. The religion is not so defined and there are no organized temples or ceremonies. The spirits can be contacted just by reading a tarot card or using shells.


Another difference between the Vodou and Vudu religions is the names given to the Loas they call upon. Loas consulted by the Vudu practitioners have been associated with the Saints of the Roman Catholic Church and the Orisas through syncretism.

Some examples are:

Anaisa Pye: This is the Lao associated with love and happiness and the Roman Catholic Saint Anne.

Belie Belcan: This lao is associated with justice and protection and with the Roman Catholic Saint Michael the Archangel. 

Ogun Balenyo: This lao is associated with justice and protection and with the Roman Catholic Saint Michael the Archangel. 

Baron: This lao is associated with death and with San Elias. 

Metresili: This lao is associated with beauty and prosperity and with Mater Dolorosa. 

Candelo se Dife: This lao is associated with fire and war and with Charles Borromeo. 

Filomena Lubana: This lao is associated with dominion over men and with the Roman Catholic Saint Martha.